Appealing an IRS Decision

Apr 20, 2015

MoneyLife100 Many people do not know what to do if they disagree with an IRS determination about their taxes. There are options available if you would like to plead your case. Every year, more than 100,000 taxpayers addressed tax disputes through the IRS's appeals process. The Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants explains when you might consider an appeal and how it works.

When First Steps Fail

Let’s say you’ve undergone an IRS audit. You’ve had lengthy discussions with the IRS auditor, but you two still can’t agree on the amount you owe. The first step should be to ask to speak with the auditor’s manager to find out if you can come to a successful resolution with him or her. If that attempt fails, the appeals process is another option.

The Appeal

An appeal is a free and relatively straightforward alternative to help you avoid having to take your case to court. In addition to an audit, a taxpayer may turn to the appeals process because of a disagreement over an IRS assessment, penalty, interest charge, offers in compromise, or liens or levies. Typically, if there is a dispute you will receive a letter from the IRS explaining your right to appeal, but you can also initiate a request for an appeal.

Put It in Writing

If the entire amount of additional tax and penalty proposed is $25,000 or less for each tax period, you may qualify for a small-case request. If the amount you want to appeal is greater than $25,000, you will have to file a formal written protest to have an appeal. The written protest should cover the decisions with which you don’t agree and your reasons and facts supporting your opinion, including any legal or regulatory support.

Talk It Out

The next step usually involves a conference — either by phone, mail, or in person — with an objective IRS appeals officer. The conferences are informal. You aren’t required to have any type of representation, but a representative who is recognized by the IRS—such as your CPA or an attorney—can participate if you’d like to have an expert involved. Before the conference begins, have all the paperwork you need to support your appeal. However, this is not the time to introduce new documentation. If you do, you may be sent back to the IRS auditor for further consideration. If you’re not satisfied with the results of the appeals process, you generally will still be able to take your case to court, although be aware that it will likely be an expensive and time-consuming option.


Normally, you should receive a response to your request for an appeal within 90 days. Once you’ve had your appeals conference, it may take anywhere from 90 days to a year for the case to be resolved.

An Offer in Compromise

Sometimes a taxpayer may not necessarily disagree with the IRS’s conclusions about his or her tax situation, but may simply be unable to pay. In that case, an offer in compromise may be the best answer. The IRS will consider your case based on your income, expenses, assets, and overall ability to pay, and determine a payment amount that may be less than your total outstanding tax bill. You must be up to date on your tax return filings and not involved in a bankruptcy proceeding. Any refunds you are due within the calendar year in which your offer is accepted will be applied to the offer in compromise. You can pay off the amount you owe either in one lump sum or in monthly payments.

Your CPA Can Help

No matter what tax issues you’re facing, your local CPA can offer the advice you need. Turn to him or her for answers to all your financial questions. To find a CPA in Pennsylvania by location and area of expertise, visit

The Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) is a premiere statewide association of more than 22,000 members working in public accounting, industry, government, and education. Founded in 1897, the PICPA is the second-oldest state CPA organization in the United States.

Money & Life Tips are a joint effort of the AICPA and the Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA), as part of the profession’s nationwide 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy program.