What do you imagine when you think about retirement? A less stressful life? Time for family, new hobbies, and maybe some travel? Taxes? That’s right, even in retirement many people still have to pay taxes. The Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) recommends that you consider taxes in your retirement planning so that you can be confident that your savings will cover all your needs. Here are some of the issues you’ll need to bear in mind.
Do you expect Social Security benefits to be your only source of income in retirement? Many people find that Social Security alone doesn’t cover all their needs, so it’s in your best interest to plan to supplement your retirement income by saving as much as possible in a workplace retirement account or other type of retirement plan before you stop working. Building your retirement savings will probably mean that at least some of your Social Security income will be taxed (depending on your combined income from Social Security and other sources), but it will also give you greater financial security. Keep in mind that you can have taxes withheld from your monthly Social Security payments and avoid having to make quarterly estimated payments. Your CPA can answer all your questions about possible taxes on Social Security benefits and retirement planning in general.
If you contributed pretax income to a retirement savings account, you will likely be taxed on distributions from that account. That includes distributions from a traditional IRA, 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plan. It also applies to distributions from accounts for small businesses, such as SEP-IRAs, SIMPLE IRAs, and SARSEPs, as well as income from an annuity held in an IRA or similar retirement account. Your distributions from a Roth IRA, on the other hand, are tax free. Once again, your CPA can offer advice on the best retirement account solutions for you.
Required Minimum Distributions
You must begin taking required minimum distributions (RMDs) from many types of retirement accounts, including traditional IRAs and workplace retirement accounts, once you reach the age of 70½. Your annual required minimum distribution amount is generally based on your life expectancy and your account balance. You can always take more than the RMD, of course, and all distributions will be included in your taxable income. Want to avoid taxes on retirement distributions? There’s no RMD for a Roth IRA, and the distributions you take from these accounts are tax free. Don’t need the money you get from your RMD? A qualified distribution to the charity of your choice lets you donate some or all of your RMD, which lowers your taxable income (and your tax bill).
Many people downsize or move closer to family when they retire. If you sell your home at a profit, will you have to pay taxes on the gain? Generally not, if you owned the home and used it as your main residence for at least two out of the last five years leading up to the date of the sale. The maximum exclusion is $500,000 for a married couple filing jointly and $250,000 for a single filer. Additional exceptions may apply, so consult your CPA for advice on your situation.
Your CPA Can Help
Whether you’re ready for retirement or planning for the long-term, your CPA can offer insightful, personalized advice. Turn to him or her with all your financial questions. To find a CPA in your area or for more financial tips, visit www.picpa.org/moneyandlife. Also, the American Institute of CPA’s 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy website has information to help you plan for retirement.