How to Better Manage Health Care Costs

Jan 29, 2018

MoneyLife100According to the most recent data available from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the average American spends nearly $10,000 per year on health care, and that number is expected to continue to rise. The Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) offers these tips to help you get the care you need while reining in health care spending.

Shop Around and Negotiate

Are your health insurance premiums too high? Shop around for a better deal. Compare your options carefully, since a plan with lower monthly premiums may come with higher deductibles, copayments, or other expenses. Before an expensive procedure, ask the hospital for an estimate of what the cost will be and determine how much of it you’ll have to pay. If it’s too much, contact other hospitals and compare costs. Also, don’t hesitate to negotiate once you’ve received a medical bill. The hospital or physician may be willing to reduce the total if you pay in one lump sum, for example, or can offer evidence that the charge is higher than average for your area or at similar medical providers.

Get Lower Prices on Medications

Generic drug prices are generally less expensive than brand-name medications. If you prefer a brand name, there may be less expensive alternatives to the one you’re using. Find out if your insurance covers a cheaper medication that does the same job. Check prices at a variety of pharmacies, too, to see who has the best deals, and consider discount card offerings, which may be cheaper than billing through your insurance. Pharmaceutical companies offer coupons for many popular medications, but be sure that the drugs on offer are actually best for your needs and check if and when the discount expires. There are federal and state organizations and not-for-profits that help lower-income consumers save money on prescriptions. Drug companies often have patient-assistance programs that provide free or lower-cost medications to those in need.

Know the Details of a High-Deductible Health Insurance Plan

You might choose a high-deductible insurance plan if you consider yourself generally healthy and don’t expect any medical issues in the near term. The attraction is that monthly premiums may be significantly lower than plans with lower deductibles. The risk, however, is that if you have medical expenses, you will have to pay more of them upfront because of the high deductible. If your deductible is several thousand dollars a year, for example, you will pay out-of-pocket for many doctor visits and prescriptions, as well as other medical care, before you’ve met the deductible and insurance coverage kicks in. The bottom line: Read the fine print carefully before choosing one of these plans so you aren’t surprised later about expenses for which you are responsible. If you have a high-deductible plan, consider coupling it with a health savings account (HSA). Designed to be used exclusively with high-deductible health insurance plans, HSAs offer a tax-advantaged way to save on out-of-pocket medical costs.

Review the Explanation of Benefits Provided by Your Insurer

The explanation of benefits (EOB) provides the detail of charges, amounts applied to your deductible and out of pocket costs, and the copay or coinsurance amount. The final column shows the patient responsibility, so you will know specifically how much you owe. After reviewing the EOB, wait until you receive a bill from your provider and facility, compare the bill to the EOB, and submit payment to the provider and facility.

Patronize In-Network Providers and Facilities

Seeing providers and using facilities that are in-network for your insurance plan saves you from meeting the higher deductible and out-of-pocket amounts associated with receiving services that are not in your network. You can check online at your insurance company website, call your insurance company, or ask your doctor or facility before making an appointment.

Explore Flexible Spending Accounts

With a flexible spending account set up by your employer, your contributions can be used to pay for items not covered by your health insurance, such as copays. Your contributions are not included in your taxable income, lowering your tax bill; withdrawals are tax free as long as they are used to pay for qualified medical expenses. If your employer offers this benefit, find out the details to determine if it’s right for you.

Turn to Your Local CPA

Knowing your health care needs will be covered is critical to anyone’s peace of mind, but insurance can also put a big dent in your budget. Contact your local CPA with questions about making the best health insurance choices or with any other financial concerns. To find one near you, go to For more resources, visit


The Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) is a premiere statewide association of more than 22,000 members working in public accounting, industry, government, and education. Founded in 1897, the PICPA is the second-oldest state CPA organization in the United States.

Money & Life Tips are a joint effort of the AICPA and the Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA), as part of the profession’s nationwide 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy program.